Moscow (pronounced Moskva in Russian) is the capital and the most populated city of Russia. It is also the seventh largest city in the world. The population of Moscow is more than 11 million people.
Learn some Russian words and expressions
Da! - Yes!
Net! - No!
Spasibo! - Thank you!
Privet! - Hi!
Izvinite! - Sorry!
Do svidania! - Good bye!
Don't forget to adjust your watch!
|Average daily temperature in May is 15°C, high equals +18°C +22°C. In May it rains on average 12 days a month.
|One trip in metro costs 26 RUR (0,64 EUR), one bus, trolleybus or tram trip costs 28 RUR (0,69 EUR).
Using buses, trolleys and trams keep in mind Moscow traffic jams!
|You can find detailed information about Moscow sights, monuments, museums and theatres here
|Russian cuisine is diverse and delicious. Don't miss your chance to taste borsch (beet soup) and Russian pancakes (bliny).
The city was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1147 as the settlement situated by the Moskva River in the European part of Russia. In 1480, Ivan III finally broke the Russians free from Tatar-Mongol control that persisted from the beginning of the 13th century, and that made Moscow the centre of state power of Russia. The city ceased to be the capital in 1712, after the foundation of Saint Petersburg by Peter the Great. During the French invasion by Napoleon in 1812, the Muscovites burned the city and evacuated, making Napoleon's forces go empty-handed.
Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Moscow became the capital of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and of the Soviet Union. When the USSR was dissolved in 1991, Moscow became the capital of the Russian Federation.
Moscow has a humid continental climate with warm, somewhat humid summers and long, cold winters. Average temperature in summer is about 23°C, but can be up to 35°C. In winter, temperatures normally drop to approximately ?10° - 15°C. Snow falls usually begin at the end of November; snow stays for a period of 3 to5 months a year and melts in March.
There are 3 international airports in Moscow: Sheremetyevo International Airport, Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport. They are situated outside the city, but not too far away. It is also possible get to Moscow by train, there are nine railway terminals (or vokzals in Russian).
Local transportation system includes Moscow Metro, an underground transportation system famous for its art, murals, mosaics, sculptures and ornate chandeliers. There are special excursions in Moscow Metro, and quite often one can hear that Metro is called "Underground palaces". The first station was opened in 1935. Today, Moscow Metro contains twelve lines, mostly underground with a total of 180 stations. The Metro is one of the deepest underground transportation systems in the world; for instance the Park Pobedy station, completed in 2003, at 84 metres under the ground, has the longest escalators in Europe.
Metro station, tram and bus
There are many bus and trolley bus routes in the majority of streets in the city. Moscow has also an extensive tram system that first opened in 1899, but currently this type of transportation is probably the least popular.
Sightseeing and entertainment
Moscow's history is reflected in its rich architecture, crowned by the Kremlin; the red brick Kremlin was built in the 15th century. The city is also famous for its unique cathedrals, especially St. Basil's cathedral with numerous cupolas, each of a different color, grouped around the central dome.
St. Basil's Cathedral and the Kremlin's Spasskaya tower
Moscow museums will satisfy the tastes of fine arts' lovers. Rich collections of picture galleries such as the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum of Fine and Applied Arts can impress the guests, tourists interested in history can visit The State Historical Museum, for technology and machines - the Polytechnical Museum.
Do you love music and theatre? Moscow is undoubtedly Russia's theatre and music capital. It hosts the country's main ballet and opera theatre, the Bolshoi Theatre, as well as the oldest one, the Maly Drama Theatre. Local theatres stage over a hundred premiers annually. The Grand Hall of the Moscow Conservatoire ranks among the best concert halls in the world, and it is the most prestigious one in Russia.
Moscow has a lot of various sport facilities and over 500 Olympic champions lived in the city by 2005. Moscow is home to sixty-three stadia (besides 8 football and 11 athletics indoor arenas), of which Luzhniki Stadium is the largest and the 4th biggest in Europe (it hosted the 1998-99 UEFA Cup, 2007-08 UEFA Champions League finals, and the 1980 Olympic Games).
In 1998 Moscow was the host city of the first and only World Youth Games, the antecedent of the first Youth Olympic Games, which will take place in Singapore in 2010.
Athletics is rather popular in Moscow. Among the members of the Moscow athletics team there are a lot of honoured athletes. Every year the city hosts three international one-day meetings "Russian Winter" (IAAF Indoor), "Moscow Open" (EA Premium) and "Russian Challenge" (EA Permit). In 2006 Moscow welcomed the IAAF World Indoor Championships in athletics. Now the city is looking forward to staging the IAAF World Championships of 2013.